APIU HistoryԳԾԻԳ-ի պատմությունը
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AGRICULTURAL PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION UNIT (APIU)

Radical reforms have started to be implemented in the Armenian agro-industrial sector in 1990s'. New types of production relations were established that were mainly conditioned by privatization and assumed other opposite approaches.  A situation was created where the core problems were proper response to the newly established productive relations, absence of management experience and professionals. Politics were dominated in the sector rather long period of time. Therefore, the establishment of agricultural project implementation unit was the first step on the way of implementation of economic-productive component.

“Agricultural Reform Support” Project as a non-profit state institution was established in September 4 1997 by Order N 320 of the RA Ministry of Agriculture. In July 27, 1998 it was restructured to "Agricultural Reform Support Project Implementation Unit" state close joint company according to joint protocol N 1 of the RA Ministry of Finance and Economics and the RA Ministry of Agriculture.

According to the RA Government Decree N 765, dated December 22 1999, "Agricultural Reform Support Project Implementation Unit" state close joint company was dissolved and "Agricultural Reform Support Project Implementation Unit" state institution was established.

In 2011 "Agricultural Reform Support Project Implementation Unit" state institution was renamed to "Agricultural Project Implementation Unit" state agency according to the RA Government decree N 355.

All financial resources, provided according to the credit agreements signed between the Republic of Armenia and International Development Agency, are being included in the state budget of the RA Government as of years and source of financing.  Different bank accounts are opened for each project financing source. Starting from October 2011 all bank accounts are transferred to the treasury department of the RA Ministry of Finance.

After a period of some preparatory works the state agency has started implementation of agricultural projects.

First project – “Agriculture Reform Support” Project, ARSP

Main objectives were:

· Support private farms and processors,

· Strengthen institutional structures and advisory services,

· Strengthen scientific research and training capacities of agricultural system,

· Strengthen information on marketing and training.

Advisory services were supposed to be pivotal in the bulk of occurred problems. These services had already five-year history and the system was more or less established. The total cost of the project was USD 19,815 million. The Project was implemented in 1998-2005. 

Second project – “Rural Enterprise and Small-scale Commercial Agriculture Development” Project RESCAD

Main objectives were:

· Support the development of local capacities /loans, leasing of agricultural machinery and processing equipment/

· Promote rural business linkages /new types of products, technologies/

· Support the development contractually co-financing model of advisory system

· Promote the market development of seed and seedling market

· Support the development of planning, management capacities in the rural communities and establishment of market relations.

The total cost of the project was USD 28.2 million, from which Development Credit USD 20 million,  USD 1.75 million Japanese Grant, USD 1.82 million RA Government co-financing and USD 4.63 million other sources. 

The project was implemented in 2005-2010.

It is worth of mentioning that RESCAD project was one of the winners in the competition held in 2010 on “Livelihood improvement of the population in Europe and Central Asia”.

Third project - “Avian Influenza Preparedness” Project - AIPP

The project was launched in 2006 and was implemented in parallel to the Second project.

The main objectives of the project:

· Decrease the level of zoonotic diseases in backyard poultry breeding;

· Organization of response activities and surveillance of infection and other pathogen risks among the population.     

The total cost of the Project was USD 6.25 million and it was implemented on the cooperation background of the PIU of the RA Ministry of Health and a number of international organizations such as USAID/DAI, USDA, EU/TASIS in 2006 – 2010. 

Forth Project – “Community Agricultural Resource Management and Competitiveness” Project CARMAC

The Project was ratified by the RA National Assembly in 2011, June 23 and became effective in 2011, July 26.

The overall project duration is 5 years from 2011 to 2016. The total cost of the project is 21.33 million USD. Studies carried by international and local experts revealed that livestock breeding sector does not completely utilize its development resources (emote pastures are under-used, in case that the nearby pastures are over-used) and the major part of arable land areas remains unused. This has served as a base for the preparation of the present project. 

The main objective of the Project is to improve application of more productive and sustainable pasture/livestock livelihood systems in selected communities by increased livestock productivity, efficiency of communal pasture management and farm net income from livestock.